These contractors specialize in installing carpets. If you need new carpets installed in your new home, or you need an installer to take up and relace your existing carpets, please call one of these fine Yakima carpeting contractors today.
For information on carpet installers and their code of installation excellence, read the CRI 105 Carpet Installation Article on the bottom of this page.
CRI 105 Carpet Installation Guidelines Part 1 of 2
Excellence in installation is what the entire floor covering industry strives for. From the
suppliers and manufacturers who make carpet, and the distributors and retailers who sell it, to the
professionals who install it. Excellence is what Carpet and Rug Institute 105 is all about. CRI 105
is appropriately titled "The Standard Reference Guide for Installation of Residential Textile
Floorcovering Materials" or " The Residential Carpet Installation Standard." This document
describes installation procedures and principles developed through practical experience, research
and information from every segment of the manufacturing, retail and installation industry.
CRI 105 is a voluntary standard, offered as a minimum set of guidelines for the successful
installation of residential carpet. It is intended for the installer and the retailer to provide a
specific, practical and doable set of guidelines.
Over one and one half billion square yards of carpets are sold in the United States each year. Well
over half, 65% of percent ends up in the residential market. Because the U.S.
residential market is the largest single carpet market in the world, and is the market that employs
the largest number of installers, and affects the largest number of end-users, excellence in the
residential installation community is key to the vitality of the industry.
This is why the Carpet and Rug Institute, the national association representing carpet manufacturers
and suppliers, together with all other industry segments, united to make CRI 105 a reality. Here is
a walkthrough of a successful residential carpet installation. This is how a team of experts plan
and complete an installation according to CRI 105 guidelines.
A successful residential installation actually begins with the customer's visit to the carpet store.
Here, he goes through the process of selecting the right products to fit both what
he wants and what he needs. With the retailer's help, he finds the carpet that has the right color,
the right texture, the right performance characteristics and the right price. Once he has made that
decision, he must select a cushion that will provide the proper support for his carpet. When the
selection process is complete, the crucial planning stage begins.
According to the standard, each room must be properly measured to ensure the efficient use of
carpet. Proper measurement should take into account the location of jugs, projections openings,
hearths, closets, stairs and door swings. If the installation is to involve stairs, the measurer
should note the location of the stairs, indicating the number of steps, dimensions of the treads and
risers and the width of the stairs.
During this initial phase, the customer must get involved in the planning. Who is responsible for
removing and replacing furniture? Door heights may need to be adjusted. The customer should
understand these and decide whose responsibility these will be. Likewise, the removal and disposal of
the old carpet and cushion, if necessary, and any excess materials from the installation. Whose
responsibility is it, the installer's or
the customer's? Discuss this now to prevent misunderstandings later.
Seam placement is critical for the final appearance and acceptability of the installation. When
possible, seams should be placed toward the primary light source. If not possible,
seam should be located out of heavy traffic areas or placed where they can be covered over by
furniture. Explain this to the customer. Get his approval.
It is also important to inspect the condition of the designated areas for existing damage and make a
list of things like chipped paint, scratched walls and damaged furniture.
This precaution is protection for everyone involved. The installer should re-check the list before
the installation, adding to it of necessary.
Now that all the information is gathered, CRI 105 specifies that a detailed drawing of the
installation should be made. The basic information includes the name of the building owner and
installation company. If it is new construction, names, addresses and phone numbers of the general
contractor, architect and interior designer are also included. Each floor should be numbered and
rooms labeled and the drawing should be dated.
There must be a scale drawing of the carpet layout prepared by the salesperson or estimator for each
area to be carpeted including stairs, noting the location, swing and clearances of all doors. The
scale drawing should indicate the underlying layer or type of flooring and what type of installation
for each area is applied. This drawing must also show the layout of seams, pile direction, dye lot
notations and pattern matching information.
According to the CRI 105 standard, dye lot should be matched or sequenced. A 3-inch minimum overage
is required per cut of carpet. The carpet manufacturer's name and the carpet quantity and color for
each area should also be included, along with the cushion manufacturer's name and cushion quality for
each area. In addition, the diagram should show the location and type of all edge moldings as well as
the type of wall base in each area. A cut list should accompany the drawing, clearly indicating the
area in which each cut is to be installed.
Before preparing for the actual installation, the measurer should get the customer's agreement to
seam placement. The customer must also agree to any quarter-turning of carpet. Good planning prevents
costly problems later on.
Before the installation crew leaves for the job, the installation foreman and the sales person must
review the layout of the installation, noting any unusual requirements. The installation foreman
should double-check the carpet and the cushion to be sure that correct materials are being supplied
in accordance with the shop drawing and sales agreement.
The installer should also check his tool box to be sure he has the necessary equipment. CRI 105 lists
the tools required for residential installation. Remember that the CRI 105 Standard requires that all
wall-to-wall carpet must be installed using a power stretcher. The installer must also have the
proper installation materials for the job. Metal and vinyl moldings, seaming tape and tackless strip.
Adhesives used should be according to manufacturer's specifications.
CRI 105 lists the adhesive types from which to select.
-Vinyl-Back Carpet Adhesive
-Carpet Seam Adhesive
-Carpet Seaming Latex
-Urethane Carpet Cushion Adhesive
It also prescribes minimum adhesive amounts for various carpet backing and construction types.
Once the proper materials are gathered, the installer is ready to go to the job site.
Practice good customer relations by arriving at the customer's home at the specified time. Proper
attire and good manners, though not specified in CRI 105 are all part of maintaining rapport with the
customer. The standard contains a section on good customer relations.
Once at the job site, it is important to unroll the carpet so it can relax and ventilate. Cushion and
adhesives likewise, should be conditioned for the site prior to installation. The standard specifies
that rolls of carpet should not be bent or folded unless necessary for delivery. Once at the site,
they should be unfolded immediately in a dry, secure area.
Ventilation of the area during installation is very important. Open windows if possible. If not,
adjust the thermostat to allow maximum flow of air throughout the building.
Ideally, carpet should be installed when the temperature is between 65 and 95 degrees Fahrenheit and
the relative humidity is between 10 and 65 percent. And if installing over concrete, the slab's
temperature should not be less than 65 degrees Fahrenheit.
CRI 105 includes minimum standards for the installation of direct glue, double glue, attached cushion
carpet, outdoor carpet and synthetic turf. However, since the majority of residential installations
are stretched in over separate cushion, our focus is on that type of installation.
Remember that CRI 105 is a minimum standard. Manufacturer's recommendations for specific products
should be followed and/or the only reason to deviate from the guidelines.
If the installation replaces existing carpet, the removal of the old carpet must be done first. CRI
105 states specifically that carpet shall not be installed over existing carpet nor shall cushion be
installed over existing cushion. Floor preparation is very important in any installation. According
to the standard, each sub-floor should be properly prepared according to the recommended procedures.
Any sub-floor ridges or uneven areas which could become visible or cause failure must be corrected.
Full prep includes a thorough clean up prior to cushion installation, including vacuuming the